Monday, October 24, 2011

Bersih vs Himpun: Double standards

PM Najib Razak is saying that the Bersih 2.0 rally should have been held - all nice and orderly like - in a stadium instead of invading the streets of KL. Just like how the wonderful and cooperative Himpun rally was held in Stadium Shah Alam last Saturday.

Let's recap why Bersih 2.0 was not held in a stadium.

When PM Najib was forced to accept the breadth and depth of public support for Bersih 2.0, he moved quickly to try and wrest control of the situation. Bersih 2.0 was verbally legitimised and even promised the use of a stadium for their rally. They decided on the historic and symbolic Stadium Merdeka which has capacity for 30,000 people.

Abruptly, their request to use the stadium was turned down and Bersih 2.0 was de-legitimised again - despite PM Najib's overtures and promises - with the excuse that the expected 300,000 attendees would be way over Stadium Merdeka's capacity. That would be ten times too many people for the stadium to hold.

Way to troll the entire population of Malaysia! You can almost imagine our IGP's face scrunched up in a a wry smile, going "Problem?"

Outraged at this about-turn, the rally went ahead anyway, bringing its message of clean and fair elections to streets (and worldwide via sympathetic rallies). After everything, Bersih 2.0 claims 50,000 attendees showed up. Meanwhile, the media estimates between 10,000 to 15,000 people - well within the capacity of Stadium Merdeka. And the police mockingly put the number at a pathetic 6,000.

Wherefore then the justification for denying Bersih 2.0 the use of Stadium Mereka? Can a measly 6,000 people not safely gather and chant their slogans as the tear-gassing, chemical-spraying police in full riot gear close in on the stadium?

Now let's look at Himpun.

The full title of the rally itself clues us in to the hoped-for turnout - 'Himpunan Sejuta Umat', one million people.

Yet Himpun was cleared to use Stadium Shah Alam - in record time nonetheless - even though the venue can only accommodate between 70,000 to 100,000 with some squeezing.

Similar to Bersih 2.0's original planned turnout-to-stadium-capacity ratio, Himpun would have had ten times too many people for the stadium to hold. But Himpun's planned excess of 900,000 people is a completely different paradigm from Bersih 2.0's mere excess of 280,000!

How can PM Najib and the authorities justify and handwave away the blatant double standards shown here? The hypocrisy is insulting enough, but expecting us to swallow it is doubly insulting!

(Don't get me started on the narrow, factional purpose of the Himpun rally - protesting 'apostates from Islam', which carries worrying echoes of the official plus mob persecution of Christian Copts in Egypt which is often triggered by rumours of converts leaving Islam.)

And just for the record, only a paltry 4,000 attendees actually showed up for Himpun. Can we take that as a resounding Malaysian TAK NAK!!! to religiously divisive politics?

So in this Bizarro World, fringe gatherings with disruptive aims are to be commended and legitimised, while broadly-appealing rallies with noble goals are actually lawbreaking riots bordering on rebellion and civil war.

Finally, I'm going to risk making readers fed up with US/Malaysia political comparisons - but US politics offers us key lessons about what might be up with our local politics.

For a few weeks now, Occupy Wall Street and its related protests have been touting their narrow, factional demands which basically amounts to ‘end capitalism for fairness’ but which as a practical matter translates to ‘people who work hard all day should give free stuff to slackers like us’ - complete with plenty of vulgarity, violence, crassness, lawbreaking, hundreds of arrests, and even the occasional defecating on police cars.

However, the media has been coddling the protests with carefully edited coverage, focusing only on the few individuals who seem the least abnormal, ridiculous and unreasonable. The ABC, CBS and NBC networks gave them 33 full stories or interview segments in just the first 11 days of October 2011.

Meanwhile, the massive nationwide Tea Party protests against wasteful government spending - comprising hundreds of rallies, each with thousands of very normal, job-holding attendees - were given only 13 total stories by ABC, CBS and NBC in all of 2009.

Even then, they are usually depicted as hateful, potentially violent and radically extreme - despite the total lack of observational evidence and about zero total arrests. They even pick up their own trash, instead of pooping on the street!

So in this Bizarro World, fringe gatherings with disruptive aims are to be commended and legitimised, while broadly-appealing rallies with noble goals are actually lawbreaking riots bordering on rebellion and civil war.

Wait, didn't I just use that whole paragraph earlier?

You see, it all depends on who is favoured by certain political parties and their crony mainstream media. And who they oppose as a threat to their precious status quo of power and control.


Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Himpun and the politics of religious polarisation

Written by Maclean Patrick, Malaysia Chronicle

The silence of the Najib establishment in the face of the Himpunan Sejuta Umat (Himpun), or Gathering of a Million Faithful, organised by various right-wing groups such as Perkasa with the backing of both Umno and PAS Youth could raise religious tensions.

Coming hot on the heels of a much-criticised decision by the Selangor Sultan over the alleged proselytization of Muslims by Christians at the Damansara Utama Methodist Church, the rally will do little to abate the anger seething amongst Christians although they may keep their feelings under control.

Politicians behind the scene

Many political watchers have accused Prime Minister Najib Razak and his Umno party of hatching the plot to rally Muslmis in Selangor behind them ahead of general elections widely expected early next year. It is aimed to wrest Selangor from the Pakatan Rakyat state government and nothing much to do with religion.

It is also telling of Najib's style of governance and the questionable sincerity of his 1Malaysia plans to unify the races. His is a government that says “1Malaysia” on one hand yet, given the chance would allow the politics of religious polarisation.

Sadder still is that Muslims in Malaysia are led into a state of fear that the “sovereignty of Islam” would be challenged and could be removed. This in itself speaks volumes about the results and continual push by the BN to keep the Muslims in this country tucked away under the shell of ignorance and fear.

There is no other country in the world that has federally constituted legislation that protects its Muslims majority. Only in Malaysia, by law, a Malay is deemed a Muslim by birth and thus accorded Bumiputera or special rights and economic privileges. Parallel to this, the courts make it almost impossible for a Muslim to convert or to change their religion. By law and legislation, the Muslim is afforded protection that is non-existent for the practitioners of other religions.

So, why the need to rally against the Christians? Muslims are already so protected by law and legslation. And why must it be only Christians? Do not other faiths have in place a system to convert new believers into their fold? And can alleged proselytising really undermine the “sovereignty of Islam” in Malaysia as emoted by the organisers of Himpun?

Festering insecurity for evil reasons

The answers are actually already known by most Muslims themselves because racial and religious politicking are nothing new in Malaysia. Helped by Umno's right-wing NGOs and mainstream media like the Utusan newspaper, the idea is to constantly remind Malays that Christians are the enemy of their faith.

Divide and rule remains the Umno order of the day despite Najib's cosmetic efforts to show that all is hunky-dory with Malaysians of all colours and creed under his 1Malaysia, which sadly by now is clearly a bogus platform.

Perhaps they don't realize it, but it also seems rather sad that Himpun and Utusan are ready to underate the faith of Muslims in Malaysia. Does Himpun and Utusan truly think that Muslims are easily turned off from their faith?

This is hard to fathom when you take into consideration that the level of Islamic study incorporated into the education system in Malaysia. The average Malay child is exposed to the Islamic teachings from day one of education until they graduate from a local higher learning institution. Plus, being the majority religious group in Malaysia; peer pressure alone will keep the sheep within the fold.

Is Himpun also saying that all these past efforts to educate and enlighten the Muslim majority have been failing? That all governmental funded mechanisms to help and assist the Muslims in Malaysia can be so easily undermined by Christian organisations that live on personal donations and well-wishers?

The real questions remain untouched

Truth be told, the presence of Christianity has been around since the Portugese landed in Melaka in 1511. So why the sudden rush to demonise Christians in this day and age?

Moderate Malaysians from all religions should not be fooled by such efforts like Himpun which seek to pit Muslims against Christians. There is nothing to win and yet so much to lose.

If Himpun is thinking of galvanising the Muslims in this country, then should not Himpun work towards ratifying the social ills still prevalent in Malaysia's Muslim society? What long-lasting effect or remedy can a short-lived noisy rally bring?

Can a million Muslims rallying in Stadium Shah Alam be galvanised to help the growing number of poor, marginalised, uneducated and the widows or single mothers in Malaysia?

Can a million Muslim turn to each other, and while protecting the “sovereignty of Islam” also show the “magnanimous nature of Islam”?

Or is Malaysia destined to be forever divided along religious lines - unable to find peace and harmony? It is sad to contemplate these issues, especially when as Malaysians, we are called on to give our “Kepercayaan kepada Tuhan” or Faith in God.


Monday, October 17, 2011

Race quotas, politics led to falling UM standards, says World Bank study

October 17, 2011
KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 17 — A World Bank publication has found that standards at Universiti Malaya have fallen and the institution has been kept at a disadvantage because of race-based admission quotas and political interference in university management.

In contrast, Singapore’s decision to prioritise research, keeping English as the medium of instruction and a merit-based admissions policy have all contributed to the success of the National University of Singapore’s success, according to “The Road to Academic Excellence,” which studies what contributes to a world-class research university.

The study also noted that Malaysian secondary school students are not well prepared for tertiary education.

It points out that the Malaysian education system promotes rote learning, conformity and uniformity rather than fresh and creative thinking.

The study is led by two scholars — Philip Altbach and Jamil Salmi — while various chapters see contributions from various academics.

Salmi, a Moroccan education economist attached to the World Bank, also notes that “disturbing political developments, from the burning of churches to the whipping of a woman for drinking beer in public,” also cast a shadow on Malaysia’s “image as an open and tolerant society.”

The comparisons between UM and NUS is contained in a chapter entitled “The National University of Singapore and the University of Malaya: Common Roots and Different Paths.”

The chapter is authored by Hena Mukherjee, a former Universiti Malaya department head with a doctorate in education from Harvard University, and Poh Kam Wong, an NUS Business School professor.

According to the study, “at an early stage, the Singapore government realised the universities’ role in sustaining economic growth.

“In contrast, after 1970, UM’s institutional goals reflected the New Economic Policy, an affirmative action plan for ethnic Malays and indigenous groups, put in place in the wake of disastrous 1969 ethnic riots that took the lives of hundreds of people on both sides of the racial divide.,” the study found.

The authors said that apart from the student quota system, the NEP translated into more scholarships to Bumiputeras, special programmes to facilitate their entry into higher education institutions, and the use of the Malay language in place of English in the entire education system by 1983.

“In UM and in government, the policy impact spiralled upward so that Bumiputera staff members, over time, secured almost all senior management, administrative, and academic positions.

“As NUS kept pace with the demands of a growing economy that sought to become competitive internationally, with English continuing as the language of instruction and research, UM began to focus inward as proficiency in English declined in favour of the national language — Bahasa Malaysia — and the New Economic Policy’s social goals took precedence.”

The study noted however that there has been widespread recognition that the implementation of affirmative action policies in Malaysia has hurt the higher education system, sapping Malaysia’s economic competitiveness and driving some (mainly Chinese and Indians) to more meritocratic countries, such as Singapore.

In the broader study, the lead authors found that research was an important element in the making of a world-class university, as well as top-grade talent.

“We’re both convinced that serious research universities are important in almost all societies,” Altbach, who is the director of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College, told the New York Times last week in an interview.

Said Altbach: “Independence, luck, persistence, some kind of strategic vision, adequate resources — usually, but not always, public resources — good governance structures, good leadership, the ability to attract good students and so on. But we have found that the quality of the faculty is really crucial.”

Salmi, who co-ordinates the World Bank’s activities related to higher education, told the same newspaper of their new 390-page study, which will be released later this month, that their advice is like that supposedly given for a rabbit stew recipe: “First, catch your rabbit.” Only in this case the advice would be: “First, catch your faculty.”

“The difference between a good university and great university comes down to talent.”


Saturday, October 15, 2011

史蒂夫·乔布斯走了 Steve Jobs has gone

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To the Apple Board of Directors and the Apple Community:
I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple’s CEO, I would be the first to let you know. Unfortunately, that day has come.
I hereby resign as CEO of Apple. I would like to serve, if the Board sees fit, as Chairman of the Board, director and Apple employee.
As far as my successor goes, I strongly recommend that we execute our succession plan and name Tim Cook as CEO of Apple.
I believe Apple’s brightest and most innovative days are ahead of it. And I look forward to watching and contributing to its success in a new role.
I have made some of the best friends of my life at Apple, and I thank you all for the many years of being able to work alongside you.
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有關於我的繼承人問題,我強烈建議讓我們照既定的繼承計畫走,由堤姆.寇克(Tim Cock)來繼任蘋果的執行長。
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蘋果執行長史蒂夫.賈伯斯(Steve Jobs)在2011824日,向蘋果遞交辭呈。據悉,董事會已經確定 Tim Cook 的任命案和賈伯斯轉任董事會主席一職。為避免過大震盪,蘋果已在消息公佈前,股票暫停盤後交易。簡短的公開信中,賈伯斯並未詳明辭職原由,僅祝福蘋果未來日子將會更光明、創新,在新的領導團隊的帶領下更加成功卓越。蘋果則是在旋即的聲明稿中感謝賈柏斯在位期間的領導才能。
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史提夫·保羅·賈伯斯(Steve Paul Jobs) 生於 1955224日,是蘋果公司剛卸任的首席執行官及創辦人之一,同時也是前Pixar動畫公司的董事長及執行長(Pixar已在2006年被迪士尼收購)。賈伯斯還是迪士尼公司的董事會成員和最大個人股東。
賈伯斯小時候被人收養,在加州的Homestead High School畢業後就讀俄勒岡州波特蘭里德學院,只唸一學期就因為家庭的經濟原因而休學,但他仍在學校裡旁聽書法課等課程,也因為對書法美術的素養使他對電腦軟體字形美學處理特別重視,讓蘋果電腦日後吸引了許多美術設計工作者來使用。
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1974年曾在雅達利任技術員,以賺的錢往印度靈修。1976,二十一歲的賈伯斯與二十六歲的斯蒂夫·沃茲尼亞克在自家的車房裡成立了蘋果公司。他們製造了世界上首台個人電腦,並稱為Apple I,其售價是$666.66,然而依蘋果電腦前執行長約翰.史考力的看法,賈伯斯並不算有科技研發能力。
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1997年,當Gil Amelio離開公司後,他重掌蘋果電腦的大權。在同年推出iMac,創新的外殼彩色透明設計在美國和日本大賣,使蘋果電腦度過財政危機。
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並在之後推出深受大眾歡迎的iBookMac miniMac OS X作業系統,iPodApple TViTunes音樂商店等一系列廣受市場好評的產品,賈伯斯並親自為iPod的網路銷售音樂版權和反對的歌手洽談,使iPod能合法下載許多音樂。
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2008611日的WWDC中,蘋果公司發佈新一代iPhone—iPhone 3G,首度支援 3G功能。
2009619日,蘋果公司發表第三代產品iPhone 3Gs
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近年,賈伯斯出席公開場合時顯得異常消廋,大眾擔心他癌症復發而令公司的股價下跌之際,他也沒有對自己的健康發言,只在2008年九月的Let's Rock發佈會中,以一句字幕「那些關於我死亡的報導內容,是太過誇張了」(Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated)帶過。
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20094月,賈伯斯在田納西州孟菲斯的衛理公會大學醫院移植研究所(Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute)接受了肝臟移植,恢復狀況良好。
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201068日發布第四代產品iPhone 4,每次皆引起市場上極大的轟動和銷售熱潮。除iPhone系列之外,2010127日,賈伯斯再次為蘋果迷帶來驚喜,於發表會上正式公布了首款使用iOS系統的iPad平板電腦,更為平板電腦市場帶來全新局面。
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但在2011117 ,蘋果公司的每位員工再次收到其請假郵件,仍然是由於健康問題,這次並沒有註明其回歸蘋果的日期。這是七年來,他第三度因健康因素向公司請假。2011824 ,他終於累了,甘心放下了手中的棒子,將它交給別人承傳。然而,他帶領下的蘋果所創造的銷售奇蹟,卻已在歷史上留下不朽的傳奇,在來日供後人傳說。
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蘋果前執行長賈伯斯 (Steve Jobs),在2005
我在里德學院(Reed College)待了六個月就辦休學了。 到我退學前,一共休學了十八個月。那麼,我為什麼休學?(聽眾笑)這得從我出生前講起。
我的親生母親當時是個研究生,年輕未婚媽媽,她決定讓別人收養我。她強烈覺得應該讓有大學畢業的人收養我,所以我出生時,她就準備讓我被一對律師夫婦收養。 但是這對夫妻到了最後一刻反悔了,他們想收養女孩。所以在等待收養名單上的一對夫妻,我的養父母,在一天半夜裡接到一通電話, 問他們「有一名意外出生的男孩,你們要認養他嗎?」而他們的回答是「當然要」。
後來,我的生母發現,我現在的媽媽從來沒有大學畢業, 我現在的爸爸則連高中畢業也沒有。 她拒絕在認養文件上做最後簽字。直到幾個月後,我的養父母保證將來一定會讓我上大學,她的態度才軟化。
當時這個決定看來相當可怕,可是現在看來,那是我這輩子做過最好的決定之一。(聽眾笑) 當我休學之後,我再也不用上我沒興趣的必修課,把時間拿去聽那些我有興趣的課。這一點也不浪漫。
我沒有宿舍,所以我睡在友人家裡的地板上,靠著回收可樂空罐的退費五分錢買吃的。每個星期天晚上得走七哩的路,繞過大半個鎮 去印度教的 Hare Krishna 神廟吃頓好料,我喜歡 Hare Krishna 神廟的好料。就這樣追隨我的好奇與直覺,大部分我所投入過的事務, 後來看來都成了無比珍貴的經歷(And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on )。
舉個例來說。當時里德學院有著大概是全國最好的書寫教育。校園內的每一張海報上,每個抽屜的標籤上,都是美麗的手寫字。因為我休學了,可以不照正常選課程序來,所以我跑去上書寫課。 我學了serif sanserif 字體,學到在不同字母組合間變更字間距,學到活字印刷偉大的地方。
又因為 Windows抄襲了麥金塔的使用方式(聽眾鼓掌大笑)。因此,如果當年我沒有休學,沒有去上那門書寫課,大概所有的個人電腦都不會有這些東西,印不出現在我們看到的漂亮的字來了。
我再說一次,你無法預先把點點滴滴串連起來;只有在未來回顧時, 你才會明白那些點點滴滴是如何串在一起的(you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards )。
所以你得相信,眼前你經歷的種種,將來多少會連結在一起。你得信任某個東西,直覺也好, 命運也好,生命也好,或者業力。 這種作法從來沒讓我失望,我的人生因此變得完全不同。( Jobs停下來喝水)

我很幸運-年輕時就發現自己愛做什麼事。我二十歲時,跟 Steve Wozniak 在我爸媽的車庫裡開始了蘋果電腦的事業。我們拚命工作,蘋果電腦在十年間從一間車庫裡的兩個小夥子擴展成了一家員工超過四千人、市價二十億美金的公司。在那事件之前一年推出了我們最棒的作品-麥金塔電腦( Macintosh),那時我才剛邁入三十歲;然後,我被解僱了。
嗯,當蘋果電腦成長後,我請了一個我以為在經營公司上很有才幹的傢伙來,他在頭幾年也確實幹得不錯。可是我們對未來的願景不同,最後只好分道揚鑣,董事會站在他那邊,就這樣在我 30歲的時候,公開把我給解僱了。
有幾個月,我不知道要做些什麼。我覺得我令企業界的前輩們失望-我把他們交給我的接力棒弄丟了。我見了創辦 HP David Packard跟創辦Intel Bob Noyce,跟他們說很抱歉我把事情給搞砸了。我成了公眾眼中失敗的示範,我甚至想要離開矽谷。
但是漸漸的,我發現,我還是喜愛那些我做過的事情,在蘋果電腦中經歷的那些事絲毫沒有改變我愛做的事。 雖然我被否定了,可是我還是愛做那些事情,所以我決定從頭來過。
接下來五年,我開了一家叫做 NeXT 的公司,又開一家叫做 Pixar 的公司,也跟後來的老婆(Laurene)談起了戀愛。
Pixar接著製作了世界上第一部全電腦動畫電影玩具總動員(Toy Story),現在是世界上最成功的動畫製作公司(聽眾鼓掌大笑)。
然後,蘋果電腦買下了 NeXT,我回到了蘋果,我們在 NeXT發展的技術成了蘋果電腦後來復興的核心部份。我也有了個美妙的家庭。
這帖藥很苦口,可是我想蘋果電腦這個病人需要這帖藥。 有時候,人生會用磚頭打你的頭。不要喪失信心。
我確信我愛我所做的事情,這就是這些年來支持我繼續走下去的唯一理由(I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did)。
你的工作將佔掉你人生的一大部分,唯一真正獲得滿足的方法就是做你相信是偉大的工作,而唯一做偉大工作的方法是愛你所做的事( And the only way to do great work is to love what you do )。 如果你還沒找到這些事,繼續找,別停頓。盡你全心全力,你知道你一定會找到。而且,如同任何偉大的事業,事情只會隨著時間愈來愈好。所以,在你找到之前,繼續找,別停頓。(聽眾鼓掌, Jobs喝水)

當我十七歲時,我讀到一則格言,好像是「把每一天都當成生命中的最後一天,你就會輕鬆自在。( If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right )」(聽眾笑)
這對我影響深遠, 在過去 33 年裡,我每天早上都會照鏡子,自問:「如果今天是此生最後一日,我今天要做些什麼?」
每當我連續太多天都得到一個「沒事做」的答案時, 我就知道我必須有所改變了。 提醒自己快死了,是我在人生中面臨重大決定時,所用過最重要的方法。
因為幾乎每件事所有外界期望、所有的名聲、所有對困窘或失敗的恐懼在面對死亡時,都消失了,只有最真實重要的東西才會留下( Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything - all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important )。
經歷此事後,我可以比先前死亡只是純粹想像時,要能更肯定地告訴你們下面這些:沒有人想死。即使那些想上天堂的人,也想活著上天堂。 (聽眾笑)
你們的時間有限,所以不要浪費時間活在別人的生活裡。不要被教條所侷限盲從教條就是活在別人思考結果裡。不要讓別人的意見淹沒了你內在的心聲。最重要的,擁有追隨自己內心與直覺的勇氣,你的內心與直覺多少已經知道你真正想要成為什麼樣的人(have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become),任何其他事物都是次要的。(聽眾鼓掌)
在我年輕時,有本神奇的雜誌叫做 Whole Earth Catalog》, 當年這可是我們的經典讀物。那是位住在離這不遠的 Menlo ParkStewart Brand發行的,他把雜誌辦得很有詩意。
那是 1960年代末期,個人電腦跟桌上出版還沒出現,所有內容都是打字機、剪刀跟拍立得相機做出來的。雜誌內容有點像印在紙上的平面 Google,在Google 出現之前35年就有了。這本雜誌很理想主義,充滿新奇工具與偉大的見解。
Stewart 跟他的團隊出版了好幾期的《Whole Earth Catalog》, 然後很自然的,最後出了停刊號。當時是 1970 年代中期,我正是你們現在這個年齡的時候。在停刊號的封底,有張清晨鄉間小路的照片,那種你四處搭便車冒險旅行時會經過的鄉間小路。在照片下印了行小字:
求知若飢,虛心若愚(Stay Hungry , Stay Foolish)。
那是他們親筆寫下的告別訊息,我總是以此自許。 當你們畢業,展開新生活,我也以此祝福你們。
求知若飢,虛心若愚(Stay Hungry , Stay Foolish)。
描述: 描述:

Friday, October 7, 2011






它也促请政府给所有遭受警方暴力对待的受害者赔偿,包括在709集会去世的巴哈鲁丁(Baharuddin Ahmad)家属。














它也指出,警方当中发射了的催泪弹分为2种,分别是226枚催泪弹(Tear Smoke Shell,简称TS Shell),以及36枚手掷烟雾弹(Tear Smoke Grenade,简称TS Grenade)。


Thursday, October 6, 2011




内政部指出,警方当中发射了的催泪弹分为2种,分别是226枚催泪弹(Tear Smoke Shell,简称TS Shell),以及36枚手掷烟雾弹(Tear Smoke Grenade,简称TS Grenade)。
内政部指出,每枚TS Shell催泪弹的价格为79令吉76仙,而TS Grenade手掷烟雾弹的价格则是135令吉。
这意味着,警方当天发射的262枚催泪弹,总共耗费2万2885令吉76仙,其中226枚TS Shell价格为1万8025令吉76仙,而36枚TS Grenade催泪弹则为4860令吉。


Steve Jobs – Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish

(Steve Jobs died on Oct 5, 2011)

Steve Jobs


Stanford Commencement address delivered by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, on June 12, 2005.

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down – that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960′s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.